The Bank of Ghana recently warned businesses quoting U.S. dollar prices that the practice is still prohibited and that the cedi remains Ghana’s sole legal tender. The bank said it is working with law enforcement to “clamp down on illegal foreign exchange operations.” In addition to naming and shaming businesses violating the law, a Ghanaian actress urged the central bank to stop Ghanaians from operating USD accounts.
Cedi Ghana’s Sole Legal Tender
As shortages of foreign exchange and currency depreciation continue to weigh on the Ghanaian economy, the country’s central bank has again warned businesses displaying prices in U.S. dollars that the cedi is the sole legal tender. Responding to Ghanaian actress Lydia Forson’s Nov. 2 tweet which questioned the practice of quoting prices in U.S. dollars for local real estate transactions, the Bank of Ghana (BOG) insisted that the practice is still outlawed.
Dear @thebankofghanaWe need to be aware that the US dollar is the official currency. If not, why do so many properties have their prices in dollars?
I will tweet about this until you respond; if you don’t I ( and everyone else) will assume your laws are only on paper!
— miss forson (@lydiaforson) November 2, 2022
Also, in its reply to the actress’ tweet, the BOG said it has since enlisted the services of law enforcement agencies in its bid to end the practice.
“BOG is collaborating with law enforcement agencies to clamp down on illegal foreign exchange operations. We encourage you to report any violations to email@example.com,” the central bank said.
As explained in the BOG’s April 22 public notice, Ghanaian businesses are prohibited from pricing, advertising, or paying for goods and services using foreign currency. The law was made clear that anyone found in violation could be sentenced to up to 18 month imprisonment.
Bank of Ghana’s Seriousness Questioned
Meanwhile, some Twitter users that replied to the BOG’s tweet seemed to query the central bank’s claim it wants to stop the practice. For instance, one user named Amin asked: “Are you saying no agents of BOG have seen those billboards in town advertising properties in foreign-denominated currencies?”
— Mishael (@MGyemawu) November 2, 2022
Others suggested that the cedi’s depreciation is the primary reason why some businesses are quoting prices in U.S. dollars, and naming and shaming institutions that are violating the law. One user added that the BOG should “stop people from operating USD accounts especially those who have nothing to do with international trade or schooling abroad.”
The Ivan is another user. claimed that Ghana’s import duty is indexed to the greenback which may suggest that the laws against quoting prices in U.S. dollars “are just for show.”
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